It falls under armed forces and has its own cadre as it has been formed under a separate act, The Coast Guard Act, 1978. It was constituted under the Ministry of Defense on 19th August 1978.
At service, you can learn and participate in different adventures activities such as river rafting, mountaineering, hot air ballooning, hang gliding and wind surfing. The motto of the ICG is "Vayam Rakshamah" which means "we perfect".
Protection and preservation of off shore installations, island and the marine environment; prevention and control of marine pollution; assisting Custom Officers in their anti-smuggling operation as well as scientists in data collection; ensuring the safety of lives and properties at sea and fighting along with the armed forces during war are the main duties of Coast Guards.
The ships of Indian Coast Guard are white in color and different from Indian Naval Vessels.
Indian Coast Guard has operational branches such as General Duty, General Duty (Pilots), Engineering and Law branch.
General Duty Branch: This branch is in command of ships at sea. The officer of this branch operate weapons, sensors and perform the command functions. The safety of ship and men is their responsibility.
General Duty (Pilots): Those who are interested in aviation can join this branch. They are required for flying aeroplanes or helicopters.
Engineering branch: Engineering Officers are responsible for keeping ships, aircrafts and other equipments serviceable. They get opportunities to work in coast guard repair organizations. Indian Coast Guard employs electrical engineers to maintain ship's interior and electrical parts.
Law branch: It is a small branch and not recruited directly. These personnel are usually absorbed from other branches of defense.
In Indian Coast Guard, candidates enter as Assistant Commandants and move up the ladder as follows--
Deputy Inspector General
For the post of AC, eligibility is degree with Mathematics and Physics as subjects up to Intermediate or 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Besides officer level, there is a non-officer level too. At this level, candidates can join as ''Navik'' and ''Yantrik''.
For Navik is 10th class passed while for Yantrik, it is a Diploma in Mechanical/Electrical/Electronics or Aero-nautical Engineering after matriculation. Naviks start their career in the pay scale of Rs.3,050/- to Rs.4,590/-. Yantric join in the pay scale of Rs.4,000/- to Rs.6,000/-.
An examination to selection for the various cadres of Coast Guard is conducted twice in a year in month of January and June. It is two phased examination. After passing this examination, a basic and advanced training is given along with Naval Officers. This training is followed by six months assignment as watch-keepers after which they are eligible for taking full charge.
This procedure is conducted by "Director (Training) Recruitment Cell, Coast Guard Head Quarters, National Stadium Complex, Purana Quila Road, New Delhi-10001.